Abstraction is a concept of showing only functionality and hiding procedure.

In java, only name of method is given and not the body.

-Abtraction can be applied on classes and methods using abstract keyword.

– In abstraction we focus on “what” the object does instead of “how”.

1- abstract class
– Only abstract class can have abstract methods

-Abstract class can have normal methods too.
-Object of abstract class can’t be created directly
– abstract classes should be inherited to be useful


[Think of an abstract class as an almost complete car by your dad who left over the choice of engine to be provided by you.]

2- abstract method
– abstract method can’t have method body
– abstract methods should be overridden to be useful.

code samples are here

1- Abstraction

package abstraction14;

abstract class A{

abstract void shw();
abstract void disp();

public class ExampleAbstraction extends A {

void shw() {

void disp() {
public static void main(String[] args) {

ExampleAbstraction e1=new ExampleAbstraction();